FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS
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Fire is the largest single cause of property loss in the United States. Building codes currently
require fire protection systems, also known as fire sprinkler or fire suppression systems, for
most commercial and multifamily buildings where they have proven effective at reducing property
damage and saving lives.
More than half of residential fires take place in one- or two-family dwellings. Having a residential
fire sprinkler system installed in homes like these is like having a firefighter on-site and on-duty
24 hours a day.
Fire protection systems using automatic sprinkler heads deliver significant savings in lives, development
costs, and water conservation. Fire sprinklers make it possible to immediately halt raging fire events,
save lives, diminish destruction, reduce demands on responders, and conserve water by extinguishing flames at onset.
See Water Usage Comparison
by the Home Fire Sprinkler Coalition.
The ripple effect of extrapolated benefits includes less property damage, fewer events of homelessness
from total losses, overall enhanced safety and security of constituents, higher home values, and greater
Sprinklers, tubing and fittings must comply with National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) requirements
for fire sprinkler systems. Local codes must be consulted when implementing any fire protection system to
ensure that PEX and/or CPVC are permitted for each building type.
Certain PEX and CPVC plastic pipe and fitting systems listed to system standard
may be used
to supply water to fire sprinklers for one- and two-family dwellings, according to installation standard
where the intent is to provide an affordable sprinkler system in homes, while maintaining a high
level of life safety.
Many single family sprinkler systems are designed as stand-alone systems, independent from the water distribution
system. In some one- and two-family buildings, the fire sprinklers can be combined with a building's cold-water
plumbing system. These multi-purpose systems have the potential to reduce installation costs and the total amount
of installed pipe and fittings.
Certain CPVC plastic pipe and fitting systems listed to system standard UL 1821 can be used to supply water
to fire sprinklers for low-rise residential occupancies according to installation standard
and to supply light hazard occupancies according to NFPA 13
Each approved PEX or CPVC product carries its own listings for the specifically approved applications.
be installed as multi-purpose combined fire sprinkler and plumbing systems or as stand-alone systems. Approved
CPVC plastic pipe systems may be installed in low-rise residential occupancies per NFPA 13R and light hazard
occupancies per NFPA 13.
TAs compared with traditional fire protection materials such as steel or copper, CPVC and PEX fire protection
piping systems are more reliable, easier and safer to install, and can deliver cost savings to both contractors
and facility owners.
This is largely because CPVC and PEX fire protection piping systems are resistant to corrosion, install
without flame, are less expensive materials, and typically install in less time than metallic systems.
BCD's presentation on Fire Protection Systems in Education Presentations
Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems
Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in Low-Rise Residential Occupancies
Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in One- and Two-Family Dwellings and Manufactured Homes
UL 1821 Standard for Safety
: Thermoplastic Sprinkler Pipe and Fittings for Fire Protection Service
Home Fire Sprinkler Coalition
National Fire Sprinkler Association
National Fire Protection Association