The Piping Problem
No matter where you go, water, sewer, gas and other utilities are in a constant state of deterioration or incapable of meeting the rising needs of urban areas where population growth is a problem. In most cases, water lines have become corroded to the point where they are wasting water and incapable of meeting water supply requirements. Gas lines are often made of cast-iron which not only leaks, but is incapable of handling higher capacity or pressure requirements. Because they transport aggressive and corrosive material, most sewer lines are often cracked or corroded to the point that they cannot transport the waste material without stoppages and leaking into the environment. The biggest problem is that most of these pipelines are located in overcrowded cities, under buildings, roadways, rivers where replacement by traditional open-trench methods is not a plausible option.